File:Raccolte Extraeuropee - Passaré 00095 - Maschera cimiero Ejagham - Nigeria.jpg

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English: Nigeria. Ejagham crest mask of the Ngbe male society. (Raccolte Extraeuropee del Castello Sforzesco, Milan)

Summary

Title
English: Nigeria. Ejagham crest mask. Ngbe male society
Italiano: Nigeria. Maschera cimiero Ejagham. Società maschile Ngbe
Description
English: Crest mask. The wooden head is covered with animal skin and is on a base of woven fibers which serve as linkage with the costume. The realistic oval face is light colored, with red lips and eyebrows. The mouth is open showing the teeth. On the top two black-dyed horns.

The Ngbe society, among the Ejagham of the Cross River, is a secret society of warriors holding commercial and political functions. The membership is built around a set of shared symbols, including masks.

Usually masks are covered with antelope skin but there are also human skin masks, therefore the scholar Leo Frobenius assumed that warriors originally did not wear a mask on their heads, but the head of a killed enemy. Thus the mask is interpreted as a form of appropriation of the power of the dead.
Italiano: Maschera cimiero - La testa in legno ricoperta di pelle animale poggia su una base in fibre intrecciate che serve da punto di aggancio del costume. Il volto ovale e tendenzialmente realistico è di colore chiaro, con labbra e sopracciglia colorate in rosso. La bocca è aperta con i denti in mostra. Sulla sommità due corna tinte in nero.

Presso gli Ejagham del Cross River la società Ngbe è un'associazione segreta di guerrieri che riveste anche funzioni commerciali e politiche. L'appartenenza di gruppo si costruisce intorno a un insieme di simboli condivisi, tra cui le maschere.

Solitamente le maschere sono ricoperte di pelle di antilope ma si sono anche ritrovate maschere con pelle umana, cosa che fece ipotizzare allo studioso Leo Frobenius che in origine i guerrieri portassero sul capo non una maschera, ma la testa del nemico ucciso. La maschera è stata così interpretata come una forma di appropriazione del potere del morto.
Date 20th century
date QS:P571,+1950-00-00T00:00:00Z/7
Dimensions Height: 37 cm (14.5 ″)
dimensions QS:P2048,37U174728
institution QS:P195,Q3928496
Accession number
Passaré 00095
Object history
  • Collezione Passaré
Notes Ivan Bargna (author of source for first revision), Carolina Orsini (scientific director)
References
  • P. Amrouche, G. Arnaldi, Via Passaré, Alessandro Passaré, Fondazione Passaré, Milano, 2007.
  • I. Bargna, G. Parodi da Passano, L'Africa delle Meraviglie. Arti Africane nelle collezioni italiane, Silvana Editoriale, Milano, 2010.
Source/Photographer Raccolte Extraeuropee del Castello Sforzesco

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current16:35, 14 September 2012Thumbnail for version as of 16:35, 14 September 20124,096 × 6,135 (2.78 MB)M.casanovadustspots removed
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