Promotional poster for Wikivoyage edit-a-thon 2020
Hosting the edit-a-thon online
Aiming to improve the coverage of travel destinations in Albania and Kosovo, Wikimedians of Albanian Language User Group on the first weekend of August (8&9 August) hosted an online edit-a-thon on Wikivoyage. Although initially, we were planning to meet and edit together, we had to adapt to the circumstances and organize the event on an online platform.
To promote the event, we shared it on our UG’s other social media channels, announced it on Wikivoyage’s Travellers’ Pub, and asked relevant tourism institutions to share it on their channels too.
Results of the edit-a-thon
Members of our UG were online from 10:00 - 19:00 on both dates to offer help for new editors, answer questions, and discuss our contributions together. The participants didn't need to be online at all times, they could simply drop-in, ask a question and continue their edits
We used the WMF Labs’ dashboard tracking to calculate the results which show us that 30 articles were edited and 4 articles were created during this weekend.
This is the 3rd time we host Wikivoyage edit-a-thons, the first one being in 2017 and the next one in 2019. We plan to continuously push forward the idea of contributing to the free worldwide travel guide.
Open innovation and dissemination activities: wrapping up great achievements on a major GLAM in Brazil
Wrapping up the New Ipiranga Museum Wikipedia Initiative
We're celebrating and sharing with the community the achievements of this major GLAM Wiki initiative in Brazil this month!
In August, the Wiki Movimento Brasil UG finished after six months the first phase of an important advance in the GLAM Wiki partnership with the Paulista Museum (also known as Ipiranga Museum), one of the major cultural institutions in Brazil.
The project -- called New Ipiranga Museum Wikipedia Initiative -- involved a bold partnership with the board of the museum with open innovation and experimentation of dissemination events and activities throughout 2020 in a context in which the museum is closed for renovation and Brazil is facing the COVID-19 pandemic.
The user group also won a Creative Commons grant for documenting this particular Open GLAM story. We're very excited to share our story with a wider audience! The full text in which we describe all the innovative products, dissemination events and activities we developed will be released on Medium both in English and Portuguese throughout September. In this GLAM Outreach newsletter, to celebrate and share with the wikimedian community, we summarize those achievements.
Provisionally called Povo Conta and Trajo, these gamified apps allow users to browse items in the collection and participate in their curating metadata in a friendly interface. The former is aimed at inserting data on the number of elements portrayed in the images; and the latter is aimed at identifying clothing elements and accessories portrayed in the images. Both apps are already available for public interaction and encourage community participation in improving the collection’s metadata.
The first semantic web book on Wikibooks
The first web semantic book on Wikibook in Portuguese was created with a set of photographies and postcards by Guilherme Gaensly
Based on a photographs and postcards collection that portrays the city of São Paulo in the turn of the 20th century uploaded at the beginning of the partnership with the museum, we created the first web semantic book on Wikibooks in Portuguese. That means that each page of the book was created based on Wikidata entries, including the Listeria lists with related images and the subtitles of each photograph, automatically generated through a structured narrative process. The book also allows the user/readers to take part in the improvement of its content through gamified apps of collaborative curation. Check out The photographs of Guilherme Gaensly in the collection of the Paulista Museum to know more.
Reconstruction by images
Another achievement was the use of georeferencing data provided by the museum to improve the accuracy of the location of buildings in São Paulo in the images of a photographs collection of downtown São Paulo between the 1950s and 1960s taken by Werner Haberkorn. We created a process on location metadata refinement and positioning of the photographer at the moment he captured the images to allow visual reconstruction of buildings that no longer exist in São Paulo. This video on YouTube shows how this visual reconstruction takes place.
Refinement process of location metadata in a photograph by Werner Haberkorn
We have relied on the free map project OpenStreetMap to carry out an internal and external collaborative mapping of the Paulista Museum. The goal was to remodel the museum area available in the project, adding more precision on its coverage, so that both the museum building — an iconic monument in São Paulo — and the building’s internal rooms could have a greater degree of detail in their cartographic representation. Check out this video on YouTube to see the process of improving the mapping of the museum with OpenStreetMap.
The edit-a-thons were initially planned to occur on site, but with the COVID-19 pandemics, we chose to bring it online and take the opportunity to offer lectures on the museum’s collections and tutorials on Wikimedia projects to a wider audience via webinar. After the live broadcast, participants could edit entries on Wikipedia and Wikidata and interact with Wiki Movimento Brasil team via Slack.
In a format similar to editatonas, Wikidata Labs - technical training workshops on tools and resources associated with Wikidata - took place with a webinar followed by a practical activity with the community.
There were three Wikidata Labs focused on the collection of the Paulista Museum: the first dealt with the transfer of articles from the journal Anais do Museu Paulista to Wikidata, the second with the educational potential of the database, and the third with relative digital positioning (IIIF), linked to the development of the process of reconstruction by images in the Werner Haberkorn collection.
Wikicontest New Ipiranga Museum
The Wikicontest gathered 862 registered editors to improve Wikipedia entries related to the museum's GLAM-Wiki initiative
The Wikicontest New Ipiranga Museum was a contest to edit Wikipedia entries associated with the museum’s GLAM-Wiki initiative. For three months, registered volunteer editors improved content associated with the museum and its collection, and those who edited the most won special awards and medals on their user pages. In total, there were 862 registered editors who improved 269 entries, adding 1.3 million bytes. The impact of the activity was tremendous: so far, the entries have received over 2.6 million views.
Some more uploads on Paulista Museum GLAM
510 academic articles from the museum journal Anais do Museu Paulista on History and Material Culture. Available on Wikimedia Commons here.
1340 metadata on the 4th Centenary of São Paulo and the Affonso Taunay collections on Wikidata.
August events and partnerships
Wikicontest with the Brazilian National Archives
One of the posters for the wikicontest
As mentioned in the previous Newsletter, WMB is holding a second wikicontest on Wikipedia in Portuguese with a significant cultural institution in Brazil.
This time, Brazilian editors improved and created entries related to Brazil’s capital, Brasília, on Wikipedia and used part of the 10 thousand images of the Brazilian National Archives collection uploaded on commons through the GLAM partnership ongoing since 2017.
This is one of the biggest and most important Wiki Movimento Brasil events and it will be concluded on September 14. In its last week, the contest has already reached the mark of 183 created articles, more than 700 edited pages and 4.54 million bytes added, according to the event's page on Outreach Dashboard.
In the coming weeks, the event will award cash prizes to the top five finishers. The end of the competition promises to be tough!
On August 21, we had the 8th and the last edit-a-thon of a series in partnership with Museu Paulista. For this event, WMB uploaded a batch of images and metadata to Commons and Wikidata from the Santos Dumont collection.
In addition to the live presentation and workshop, the event also showed first hand the gamified app Trajo, which identifies clothing elements and accessories portrayed in the images. After the lecture, 14 editors improved 281 pages and created 11 more.
In September, WMB intends to revise and further improve the metadata for the Santos Dumont collection, through a project on Wikidata, accompanied by the Dashboard.
At the end of August, WMB was also very happy to help organize one of the most diverse and inclusive events ever held by the group. Together with the collective NaPupila, this event was designed to improve and create articles on Wikipedia in Portuguese about trans people or about sensitive issues to this community, in order to integrate it better into the Wikimedia universe.
In this event, 22 editors created 18 articles and edited more than two thousand pages, with more than 179 thousand bytes added.
This was the fourth edit-a-thon in partnership with NaPupila collective and Art+Feminism, in the Arts+Feminisms in Lusophony 2020 Campaign, and first event with Brume Dezembro and Secec/RJ.
This was part of the formative cycle of the Abre-te Código project, in partnership with Goethe-Institut São Paulo. Registration will be open by the end of September for the online hackathon in October.
A new library partnership
In the last Newsletter, the GLAM Bibliotecas da USP partnership was officialized with two important libraries: Biblioteca Carlos Benjamin de Lyra, from the Institute of Mathematics and Statistics, and Biblioteca da ECA, from the School of Communications and Arts.
This month, we are thrilled to officially announce the partnership with the Biblioteca da FAU, from the Faculty of Architecture and Urbanism. Right below are the ratification documents, available on Wikimedia Commons in Portuguese and English.
Wikimedia Czech republic and the Prague Pride festival cooperation
After a long spring, during which most of the activities were run in the online space due to lockdown, we decided to run our first event in a brick and mortar location.
We teamed up with the Prague Pride festival, which was planned for the first week of August, and established details related to Wiki Pride editathon.
The event took place on 6th of August in the very heart of the city, Vaclav Havel library. We managed to ensure great support from our lecturers (4 in total).
Need for change
The event went smoothly. We got positive feedback from participants. For the majority, it was the first time they participated in an editathon and they could focus on writing the articles thanks to the support of lecturers.
Even though there were only a few participants, they managed to create some valuable articles on Wikipedia. One of the extensive articles, which was translated into Czech focused on an Annemarie Schwarzenbach  biography, another one presented a subject of LGBTQ+ psychology .
We definitely see that there is a gap when it comes to LGBT community topics on Wikimedia and with our lecturers being involved, we would like to plan some more activities in the future.
The exhibition focuses mainly on the Estonian-Polish cultural and diplomatic relations. The reader of the exhibition will be convinced that although the history of both of the countries Estonia and Poland has been turbulent the transnational cooperation between these two countries has been increasing even during the toughest times.
The exhibition can be read in Polish, Estonian and English. It is decorated with representative pictures from both Estonian and Polish archives and museums.
"Exciting and fast reading that is engaging and makes you smile," describes one of the authors of the exhibition, Johannes Vahe "In addition, there are a number of relevant images that help you understand the text."
Co-author Carlos Kleimann on the other hand says that "Although cooperation with memory institutions had to be done mainly using virtual methods and some aspects can certainly be improved, there has been a forward-looking contribution to the historical relationship between the two countries."
Communication with GLAM institutions
During August, Wikimedia Eesti was present at Museum Education Information Day in Tartu and at the Summer Seminar of the GLAM institutions at Vihula Manor.
Wiki Loves Rephotography
In cooperation with Ajapaik the Estonian Wikipedia is running a rephotography campaign of cultural monuments in September (Wikimedia Finland has had a rephotography track at the WLM competition already in 2018 and 2019 as part of the Helsinki rephotography project). As a fresh addition users of Ajapaik platform can now authenticate themselves with their Wikimedia account. Next step (uncompleted at the moment) is to start automatic uploads of rephotos (under the users Wikimedia username).
Wiki Loves Rephotography is a good way to look at how have cultural monuments changed over time. It also gives an added reason to approach GLAM institutions and ask for more old images.
KulTour in Swabia – Gaps in biographies 1933 to 1945
Stadtarchiv Kaufbeuren 13
Inspite of the Covid-situation six Wikimedians met in Kaufbeuren, a small town in
Swabia, southern Germany and met in person for a KulTour in Kaufbeuren. This edition of a KulTour (the little sister of a GLAM on Tour) focussed especially on National Socialism. Especially in rural areas, coming to terms with the German Nazi past has proven especially difficult. According to recent findings, it is precisely this rural area that is said to have supported the Nazi regime by a broad majority.
The special exhibition Kaufbeuren under the swastika made this particularly clear. The occasion for this exhibition was not only the retrospectively criticized presentation of National Socialism in the Stadtmuseum, which was newly opened only a few years ago. For decades, German literature concealed the past of numerous high-ranking personalities during the dictatorship. Anyone who recognizes gaps or inconsistencies in biographies between 1933 and 1945/48 can often use this as a reason for further research on Wikipedia articles using recent research in the area.
The long-term goal is to organize further joint events for the encyclopedia and to exchange information.
Brandenburgian State Main Archive puts 8000 documents on the Internet in high resolution
Brandenburgisches Landeshauptarchiv - Logografie
The Brandenburgian State Main Archive published about 8000 documents from its oldest holdings online. These are a total of 51300 scans in the archive database, which make it possible to recognize even the smallest details of the documents and their seals. Further documents will follow in the coming months. Further information can be found on the website of the Landeshauptarchiv.
On 20 August morning, in Din Vishesh radio bulletin (Special events on this day), I heard about the death anniversary of Jadugar (Magician) Raghuvir, well known magician from Maharashtra, India. I looked for his article in Marathi Wikipedia, only one line was there. Then I searched for more information links on the web. I found a few links related to his magician son and grandson. Through journalists, I could get the contact details of his grandson, magician Jitendra Raghuvir. Incidentally, a reporter friend Madhav Vidwans who works with Bytes of India showed interest in starting editing on Wikipedia with this article. He once attended our Wikimedia orientation workshop, but did not edit. First he started an article in google doc with available information on web. We had online training session on Wiki pillars, basic editing etc.
Meanwhile a session on Wikimedia projects, importance of open knowledge, re-licensing part etc. was conducted with Jitendra, the copyright holder. The declarations of noted authors as well as links on Wikimedia Commons were shared as samples. He discussed with his father and came up with some queries and doubts, which were clarified in the second session. As the day was of memories, emotional for them, they decided to start re-licensing Raghuvir's few images and provided some content for the article. The small online session on OTRS was conducted. Then Jitendra completed selection of images as well as OTRS process. Total 12 images were uploaded on Wikimedia Commons in Category:Magician Raghuvir. The article on Magician Raghuvir was completed on Marathi Wikipedia by Madhav Vidwans with reference material provided by Raghuvir's family. On Raghuvir's death anniversary, this was our tribute to this great magician, who also used his art in the anti-superstition movement, made hundreds of charity shows for building schools, play grounds, community cultural halls etc. and also ran an academy to teach magic for students across the world.
Now, Magician Raghuvir's heirs have expressed their desire to re-license Raghuvir's books, videos on learning magic and images in near future.
The similar process was completed with Social Organisation Chaitanya, working for Women Empowerment in four states of India. Chaitanya published a book on Shashi Rajgopalan, one of the pillars of cooperatives movement in India, on her death anniversary - 5 August 2020. I contacted writer and founder Sudha Kothari of Chaitanya requesting for content donation. Online session of key persons was conducted to explain Wikimedia Projects and the process of re-licensing. I shared previous examples of four oraganisations - Jnana Prabodhini, Lek Ladaki Abhiyan, Vigyan Ashram, Saptahik Vivek - which re-licensed and uploaded their content. The organisation positively responded to this and completed OTRS process and released the book on Shashi Rajgopalan. Wikimedian Kalyani Kotkar facilitated the OTRS and uploading process. In future, the publications of Chaitanya on women empowerment and micro-credit movement will be released.
I learnt that, utilising such occasions to convince copyright holders gives good results.
WMID & WMNL collaboration in light of October History Month
One of the pictures that were donated, with a view of a village near Lake Maninjau near Padang
In October 2020, the Holland Open Air Museum will organise the Month of History with the theme East/West, therefore October is also dedicated to the Month of History on Dutch Wikipedia. In the context of history month, Wikimedia Indonesia and Wikimedia Netherlands are working together to make more content avalaible through Wikimedia. It concerns content that is relevant to Indonesian history which is housed in Dutch cultural collections avalaible through Wikimedia.
For example, the Special Collection department of the University Library of Leiden University, houses collections of historic photographs of several big cities in Indonesia. Wikimedia Indonesia asked their community which of these pictures would be valuable to be added to Wikimedia Commons. A set of 154 images of Padang, Jakarta and other cities were then uploaded by the staff of the library. These images will be described by the community members of Wikimedia Indonesia during a edit-a-thon and structured data will be added using the ISA-tool. For more information, please visit the projectpage of Wikimedia Indonesia.
Content donation of Japanese propaganda films
One of the films were the propaganda song 'Jaesjo' is sung by a choir
The Netherlands Institute for Sound and Vision made a collection of 63 films produced by the department of Japanse military administration during the Pacific War when the former Dutch East Indien (now Indonesia) were occupied by Japan, avalaible through Wikimedia Commons. Shortly after the Japanese capitulation of August 15th 1945, a great number of the films was confisquated and consequently shipped to the Netherlands by Dutch autorities that were returning. The Japanese copyrights have expired which makes the films available in public domain and suitable to be added to Wikimedia Commons. The films all contain an elaborate Dutch description of the contents. WMIN is looking into ways to translate these descriptions to Bahasa Indonesian.
It is our pleasure to return to organizing a larger number of activities, concluding cooperation, making plans for future wiki successes, and providing access to cultural heritage on the Internet. We and the environment in which we operate are still fighting an invisible enemy, the COVID-19 infection, but with good adaptation to new conditions and respect for precautionary measures and pandemic measures, we manage to achieve the goals and reasons for our existence as a branch of the Wikimedia Foundation. We are excited about the achieved results, but also about the activities that are yet to come.
Concluding long-term cooperation
ULUS Gallery is in one of the busiest streets in Belgrade
We signed with the Association of Fine Artists of Serbia a Memorandum of Cooperation. During the meeting with the Association of Fine Artists of Serbia, the representatives of Wikimedia Serbia visited the Art Pavilion "Cvijeta Zuzorić", during which we agreed on joint activities. During the meeting with the representatives of the Association, we discussed the potential directions of our cooperation, as well as the great potential that its realization can get. Throughout the visit to the Art Pavilion "Cvijeta Zuzorić" and the ULUS Gallery, we made sure of the rich history of the Association and the important contents they possess.
The Association for Culture, Arts and International Cooperation
The two-month Wikipedian in residence project at the Association for Culture, Arts, and International Cooperation Adligat has been completed. During the realization of this project, numerous biographies of individuals important for the development of culture in the whole world were covered, but also photos from their private collections were released, which are now in the House of Legacies in Adligat, which gave the public a chance to get to know them better. In addition, Adligat displayed parts of its rich collections, such as the letters of Nikola Tesla, the magic book of the Batak tribe, and Tibetan prayer books.
During the Wikipedian in residence, 34 articles were written, 28 were supplemented and 17 were illustrated, while 451 photographs and 3 economic guides from the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century were posted on Wikimedia commons. This cooperation is extremely important to us because we were given the opportunity to peek into the invaluable wealth of this institution and with this important project we started working on long-term cooperation. This cooperation is a good example of its two-way and the importance that cultural institutions gain by presenting their content.
Queen Natalija Obrenović's room in Adligat.jpg
Legacy of Branko Pešić in Adligat, signatures of the astronauts of Apollo 11
Hajduk Veljko Petrović's letter from 1812
Comparison of the miniature Book of Psalms and the tip of the finger
Miodrag Pavlović and Vasko Popa in Italy
Memorial room of Peter Urban (Chekhov Library) at Adligat
We are increasing the cultural heritage on Wikidata
The first independent thematic week of editing Wikidata was held, which lasted from 17th to 23rd August. The thematic week included an increase in data on cultural heritage on Wikidata and 514 changes were made, 67 items were supplemented, while 2 items were made. On this occasion, Wikimedia Serbia has prepared an Introduction to Wikidata and Instructions for editing Wikidata to help new editors to understand importance of Wikidata.
Free music and new recordings of songs in the public domain; Autumn in the libraries; Yes, you can hack the heritage this year – online!
Free music and new recordings of songs in the public domain
Lars Bondeson in the Swedish paper Figaro in May 1901
In the project Free music on Wikipedia, we continue to look for more sources that can supplement and expand the uploaded uploads to Wikimedia Commons. There are many issues here regarding material and copyright. We want to work with copyright-free material or new recordings of such material – but how do you ensure that something is in the public domain?
Copyright legislation is complex and there are different laws in different countries and areas of the world. This means that you must be both careful and sure that the material we are looking for can be considered in the project.
We find very good recordings, pictures and notes on, for example, the Internet Archive. Lars Bondeson who lived between 1865–1908 wrote many songs and they are in the public domain. But then there are lots of recordings and different interpretations of the originals that must be examined in each individual case. Is there any established practice or process here?
The project Wikipedia in libraries will continue this autumn with a second round of the course that goes through how Wikimedia's platforms work and how it can be used in daily work in libraries. We continue to be careful with physical meetings so this round will be completely digital. We will use the Jitsi platform from Wikimedia as a tool for the video conference.
One of the initiatives of the librarians who took the previous course is an LGBTQ project. We think it is a good idea to continue writing about for example LGBTQ authors and use this project as a thematic area and inspiration during the course. The advantage of the LGBTQ project is that it is international and the project is available on several language versions of Wikipedia.
How to create and add an article to an automatic generated working list (in Swedish)
Yes, you can hack the heritage this year – online!
For several years, the Swedish National Heritage Board has organized Hack For Heritage – a hackathon focused on open cultural heritage data. A natural place for Wikimedia Sverige to participate in, exchanging experiences with people from museums, universities, public agencies and other organizations that are excited about finding new ways to make our cultural heritage more accessible.
This year, we cannot meet physically due to the pandemic, but it doesn't mean Hack for Heritage is canceled. It's being organized as an online event, and we are happy to be there again. Wikimedia Sverige's role is to provide support and inspiration for the participants who want to include Wikipedia, Wikidata and Wikimedia Commons in their projects. We are looking forward to shaping this new experience, discussing and making new ideas possible.
Participating in the African Librarians Week (24-30 May 2020)
Between 24-30 May 2020, volunteers under the Wikimedia Uganda Community User Group participated in the inaugural African Librarians Week, which came as a result of a partnership between the Wikimedia Foundation and the African Library and Information Associations & Institutions (AfLIA).This week was primarily used to drive the 1Lib1Ref Campaign under the theme "Promoting African Scholars to the World".
As Uganda,2 of our participants were listed among the top 50 contributors (10th and 15th) which was encouraging for our efforts
How was it done
The project was carried out online and took up contributions on both English and French Wikipedias. Activities were also coordinated through WhatsApp groups and "AfLIA country champions" who mentored their country participants, communicated updates and were on standby to answer any questions including but not limited to what kind of sources are reliable, editing, how to edit Wikipedia among others.
Online participation meant that a number of people could not fully participate because of poor internet connections or expensive access to the internet.
Despite the period given, a number of participants still had competing interests so they did not contribute as much as they would have wanted to.
Participants from previous GLAM activities in Uganda were named as "country champions" and helped coordinate the wiki-related side of activities
Opportunities for training partnerships with local organisations
The numbers and contacts made will form a good number of participants for future events
Uganda was represented by 10 volunteers and between them, 641 references were added and 6 articles created.
The statistics from the whole project can be accessed here
Three new images were uploaded, of objects from the Khalili Collection of Spanish Damascened Metalwork, bringing the total of Khalili images to 88.
The next steps on the project are to finish a draft about the Khalili Collection of Enamels of the World, to submit this and other remaining drafts to become articles in mainspace, using the text to improve other articles, and then to begin work on the collection relating to Hajj (pilgrimage). A bulk upload of images relating to the Hajj is in preparation.
Philadelphia Area Consortium of Special Collections Libraries (PACSCL) held a zoom workshop on adding finding aids to Wikipedia articles. PACSCL members and others added finding aid links about American Civil Rights and Abolitionist History from the Philadelphia Area Archival and Research Portal (PAARP). For future PACSCL events involving Wikipedia and Wikidata editing, see Wikipedia:Meetup/Philadelphia.
The first meeting is on Monday 21 September 3.30-4.30pm UTC and will be repeated on Tuesday 22 September 11.30am-12.30pm UTC. We will be joined by Evan Prodromou, Product Manager in the Platform team. Evan is scoping a potential implementation of International Image Interoperability Framework (IIIF) on Wikimedia Commons and he is very interested in potential GLAM use cases.
October meeting: Structured Data Across Wikipedia
The second meeting is on Monday 19 October 3.30-4.30pm UTC and will be repeated on Tuesday 20 October 11am-12pm UTC. We will be joined by Carly Bogan, Program Manager for Structured Data. She will share insights into how Wikimedia Commons search works and introduce the Structured Data Across Wikipedia project.
The Wikipedia Library has new collections available through the Library Card platform, including a World Explorer membership for the genealogical and historical records in Ancestry.com.
WikiCite grant programs
There are two new grant programs for projects that support the goals of WikiCite: the promotion open citations and linked bibliographic data to serve free knowledge.
Project & Event grants
Grants between $2,000 and $10,000 (USD equivalent) are available to individuals, groups, and organisations with a project that supports the goals of Wikicite.
Individuals, groups, and organizations may apply, and projects may be of any nature. This includes technical (e.g. software, tools), event (online, or in-person), resources (training materials, documentation), or other forms not mentioned – as long as it supports the goals of WikiCite.
The e-scholarship program is a new kind of grant in Wikimedia, created in response to an era of COVID-19 quarantines, and the 2030 Movement strategy goals.
An e-scholarship provides a per-diem equivalent allowance for 1-5 people to stay at their home(s) and work for 2-4 days on a project supporting the mission of WikiCite. e-scholarship recipients' projects can be the kinds of things they might have previously undertaken with a scholarship for an in-person hackathon, unconference, or research trip, for example.
be calculated at the WMF per-diem rate for the city where the e-scholarship recipient lives;
and (as it is a living allowance) not require recipients to submit expense reports.
Remote group applications are encouraged, as are projects which focus on content or communities which are historically underrepresented in Wikimedia projects. Building a bot, fixing a tool, wrangling a dataset, writing complete documentation... all are valid e-scholarship projects.