Continuing with our reports on GLAM initiatives in 2020, this month we will report about our initiative with the Museu Paulista (commonly known as Museu do Ipiranga), a main museum of the University of São Paulo.
As you may know, the "Museu Paulista" is a Brazilian history museum located near where Emperor Pedro Iproclaimed the Brazilian independence on the banks of Ipiranga brook in the Southeast region of the city of São Paulo, then the "Caminho do Mar," or road to the seashore. It contains a huge collection of furniture, documents and historically relevant artwork, especially relating to the Brazilian Empire era.
So far, by April 2020, more than 23,000 files had been uploaded to Wikimedia Commons, thanks to the partnership established between the UG Wiki Movement Brazil and the museum. They are the result of a partnership established back in 2017, which has since been reported in several media in Brazil, such as this report published in the NEXO journal or even this one, published a couple of months ago, in the "Revista Museu" (Museum Magazine).
However, all these thousands of media files will not be the focus of this report, even though we have beautiful cases to quote. We will leave that for some future report. Our focus here will be the special attention we are paying on structuring all of this information and much more besides it on Wikidata.
Museu Paulista GLAM on Wikidata
Over the years, Wikimedia movement has recognized the importance of having the "sum of human knowledge" also stored in a structured way, considering that machine-readable data must be structured data. Machine-readable data, or computer-readable data, is data in a format that can be processed by a computer.
Talking about our GLAM initiative with the Museu Paulista, structuring all the information allowed us to create a gigantic number of lists and connected information, presenting this to users of Wikimedia projects in several possible ways. Below, we have just a few examples of them.
Audible version of the Independence or Death, the main artwork representing the proclamation of Brazilian independence.
One of the highlights of our activities as a "user group", which appears in this GLAM initiative is the attention to the issue of "accessibility". But before talk about it, let's take a look at what English Wikipedia tells us about the topic. There, accessibility refers to "the design of products, devices, services, or environments so as to be usable by people with disabilities. The concept of accessible design and practice of accessible development ensures both "direct access" and "indirect access" meaning compatibility with a person's assistive technology".
Thus, in dialogue with past activities of our education program, several audible versions were produced and properly indexed to each of the items of the museum's objects on Wikidata, all this with the help of Laramara, one of the main Brazilian organizations that target its efforts to help blind people and the ones with low vision.
In addition to gigantic lists of paintings and objects in the museum's collection, which has more than 100,000 specific items, the structured data we produce in this GLAM initiative allows access to this information at different levels, such as collections. Given the museum's superlative numbers, even a list of collections can bring hundreds of different items. This is still a work in progress and the list is being increased even in recent times.
As stated in our Diversity Plan, "Brazil is a diverse country in economic, social, racial and ethnic terms. Therefore, for the Wiki Movimento Brasil User Group, the definition of inclusion is quite broad and tries to embark on all the possibilities that this term requires. Such is the case with the inclusion of people from different economic levels, social classes, colors and ethnicity, as well as people with motor or intellectual disabilities, different ages, educational levels, gender identity or sexual orientation.
In this context, we must recognize that many of the works present in the Museu Paulista end up portraying the colonizers with prominence, especially the controversial figures of the Bandeirantes. By structuring the collection carefully and in detail, this allows us, for example, to produce a list of paintings that show marginalized groups in the country's history, such as indigenous people and black people. See the example in the list below:
The GLAM initiative with the Museu Paulista is certainly one of the biggest and main GLAM projects that we are conducting here in Brazil. Thus, we will certainly bring more reports about it in the future, talking about many other aspects of this huge GLAM. In the meantime, you can always keep up to date on this initiative through its official page on Wikipedia in Portuguese.
WikiGap 2020 in Czech Republic; International event; support for Wikimedia community; edit-a-thon run with the US embassy and the Swedish Embassy
WikiGap Prague's participants editing articles on subjects related to women.
The embassies representatives editing articles on Wikipedia during WikiGap Prague.
WikiGap, the idea behind
On March 9th 2020, Wikimedia Czech Republic had partnered up with Swedish Embassy and US Embassy to Prague to run an event called WikiGap 2020. It was the third time when the initiative was organized by the local chapter in Czechia and it is connected to the International Women’s Day celebrations.
What had started in 2017 as an edit-a-thon developed by Swedes together with three other Wiki communities, now continues to grow and spread around the globe increasingly gaining more supporters. The idea behind WikiGap is to eliminate a gender gap on Wikipedia and WMCZ finds this issue one of the crucial matters when it comes to Wikimedia’s projects development.
Numbers speak for themselves: only 1 out of 10 editors on Wikipedia globally is a woman. Consequently, topics, which are of interest of the female part of the users represent the minority of subjects. Luckily thanks to (WikiGap 2020) in Czechia those differences are being reduced, even more, because this year the event was held in two locations, in Prague and Brno. Thanks to the engagement of both, team of organizers and lecturers, 46 articles were created and 55 were edited. All of that was possible because of 55 editors participating in the event.
The Czech Republic became one of the 42 (WikiGap/2020/Events) events organized worldwide
WikiGap was supported by the (Velvyslanectví Spojených států amerických v Praze) (the USA Embassy to Prague) and (Švédské velvyslanectví v Praze) (the Swedish Embassy to Prague) and (Česká ženská lobby) (Czech Women's Lobby) however, two more representatives participated; from Canadian and Irish consulates. Thanks to the event WMCR established new partnerships with various organizations and individuals, for instance, Faculty of Sociology at Masaryk University in Brno, Gender Nora or Nesehnutí (social and environmental NGO). What wasn’t planned in the beginning, but was definitely an enriching benefit, was a collaboration with “Kapky na kameni” (book about 50 outstanding women in Czech history) book authors, who decided to support WikiGap 2020 in Brno with their presence.
An unexpected outcome of the event was a nomination to Wikimedia Commons Featured Videos for the short promo film from WikiGap 2020 made by one of WMCR members, which we strongly recommend to watch (English subtitles included).
Video from WikiGap 2020 in Prague
Photo documentation was covered in both cities, Prague and Brno and displays the best spirit of the event!
Association des Archivistes Francais; Palladia, a museum collection portal based on Wikimedia resources
We postponed the training courses to members of AAF about Wikimedia project due to the Covid19 crisis. However, AAF and WMFr wanted to adapt to the situation and propose a serie of online training or talks on Twitch inspired on good ideas from community
Palladia, a museum collection portal based on Wikimedia resources
Letters of a Javanese princess by Kartini, translated by Agnes Louise Symmers, and published in 1923
Wikimedia Indonesia announced Wikisource Competition 2020 for any Wikimedia community member in Indonesia. This is the second Wikisource contest held by Wikimedia Indonesia; the first was in 2012, and the winners were invited to watch Truth in Numbers? Everything, according to Wikipedia film in Jakarta. The current contest takes similar context with the previous, in this case, the Top 2 winners will be awarded to go to WikiNusantara 2020 conference in Padang, West Sumatra.
In the past month Wikimedia Community Ireland and the Hunt Museum have been working on a batch of images uploaded to Wikimedia Commons featuring the archaeological collections from the Museum. These images are part of the Europaena Archaeology project, and have all been issued under a CC-0/Public Domain licence. Rebecca has led virtual workshops with the staff to improve the image information.
Livesteaming and video demonstrations
Rebecca continued her series of livestreams on editing Wikipedia, Wikimedia Commons and Wikidata on Twitch, Youtube and Facebook.
Ricordi archive and Wikimedia Italia started a new cooperation with the help of Marco Chemello as wikipedian in residence for three months. The project revolves around the sharing on Wikidata of databases about musicians and places and the upload on Wikimedia Commons and Wikisource of 100.000+ pages of musical newspapers that Ricordi published from 1842 to 1965.
Webinars and videos
In order to work with the COVID-19 health situation Wikimedia Italia boosted its activity online, creating several instructional videos on the project basis called "wikibussole" (wiki compass) and on some more advanced operations and webinars on weekly basis (here the registrations). Some of these are made specifically for GLAMs.
One Village, One Article for each village in Albania and Kosovo
The name of the campaign came from the idea to invite experienced and new Wikipedians to help each village in Albania and Kosovo have its article on sq Wikipedia. However, we found that the majority of these villages already had an article but there was plenty of room to improve them. Therefore, our expectations for the outcomes were to have as many articles on these villages improved and expanded by adding infoboxes, maps, files from Commons, missing information, statistics, etc.
Promoting the campaign
Besides promoting it on our social media and channels used between our community, we also reached out to several online pages used for communication between villagers, asking them to help us spread the campaign to their channels and pages - some were more cooperative than others and helped us recruiting interested participants.
Photo collections Afrika-Studiecentrum Leiden; meetup and media donations for Wiki goes Caribbean; first online WikiFriday
In 1961-1962 a group of Dutch students made an extensive road trip from Egypt and Sudan to the south to Uganda, and by way of Tchad, Cameroon and Nigeria finishing in Senegal. A first sample of the photographs by Leiden University medical professor L.A. van Es, then one of these students:
Ramesses II. Small Temple of Hathor and Nefertari, now inundated Abu Simbel, 1961
An Egyptian sailing boatman on the Nile, 1961
Tomb of the Mahdi (Mohamed Ahmed), mosque, Omdurman, Sudan, 1961
Two Sudanese students conversing with a Dutch student, Omdurman, Sudan, 1961
Participants of the first online Wiki goes Caribbean meetup
Describing images about the Dutch Caribbean with the ISA Tool
Photographs from the collection of Biblioteca Nacional Aruba
The Biblioteca Nacional Aruba contributed approximately 100 images to Wikimedia Commons: a set of early 20th-Century photographs of Curaçao by the photo studio Soublette et fils. All files can be viewed in the Wikimedia Commons category Biblioteca Nacional Aruba upload 2020-04.
A street in Willemstad, Curaçao
Probably lacework from Curaçao
Klipstraat in Otrobanda, Willemstad, Curaçao
A straw hat maker with her husband and child
Photographs from the collection of Nationaal Museum van Wereldculturen
Children in front of a house in Saba. Cassave cakes drying on the roof
Aerial photo of Great Bay, Philipsburg, Sint Maarten
Water tower, Sint Nicolaasbaai, Aruba
Market at Waaigat, Willemstad, Curaçao
Passengers in Dr. Albert Plesman Airport (Hato)
Atria, Institute on gender equality and women's history, IHLIA, the heritage organisation that collects and makes accessible information in the field of the LGBT community and Wikimedia Nederland have joined forces to organise online WikiFridays.
Prior to the corona crisis Atria and IHLIA each held their own WikiVrijdag in their library in Amsterdam. In order to lighten the workload of the volunteers who guide new editors during these WikiFridays (online meetings cost more energy, we have noticed), the meetings were merged.
The first meeting was on April 24th. A total of 17 participants were present. We started with an introduction about Wikipedia and Wikimedia Commons. After the introduction there was room to ask questions about editing Wikimedia projects. Although the internet connection was not always perfect, participants were enthusiastic about this initiative.
The next Wiki Friday is planned for May 14th.
Skrivstuga (edit-a-thon) online – Wikipedia in libraries
Skrivstuga (edit-a-thon) online – Wikipedia in libraries
Book table for Alva Möllerström
Due to the coronavirus disease, we have tested running online edit-a-thons instead of physical edit-a-thons. The first online writing workshop was conducted on April 29 and there were about ten people joining in the Zoom room. What we quickly noticed is that it is difficult to write while being expected to be social in the video meeting. So after an overall longer conversation, we divided the day's hours into reunions every full hour. In this way, the discussions were more about what you did and what problems you face.
We had literature as a theme and used an earlier project page, Project literature, which we updated for the writing day with new wishes for articles. Author biographies are relatively easy to begin with and often follow a structure where the bibliography is at the centre. For instance, we started with the poet Alva Möllerström in Wikidata and the biography for the author Ulf Broberg in Wikipedia. Both articles were completed later in the evening in the Swedish Wikipedia.
"A composite imaginary view of Japan." Silk textile from the Meiji era
The Khalili Foundation partnership has shared 22 more images, including three scans of Japanese textile artwork taken with the Google Art Camera. The images look like paintings at first glance, but the high resolution (more than 100 megapixels) photography shows that they are built up by individual stitches of silk.
Images and references from the Khalili Foundation have been used to create new articles on the Spanish metalworker Plácido Zuloaga, on the Japanese porcelain artist Yabu Meizan (in draft), and on a garniture that was exhibited in Chicago in 1893 (in draft). The same information has been used to improve a range of related articles. I have also started a List of collections of Japanese art, which doesn't pretend to be comprehensive, but is a start.
The Khalili Collections are sharing content with Google Arts and Culture at the same time as with Wikimedia, and this project is an illustration of the different interfaces and functionality offered by Google and Wikimedia. Compare a Google online exhibit with a Commons gallery. Google has a much cleaner and pleasant interface, but Wikimedia provides more links back to the institution's catalogue, has more data fields about each item, and allows users to contribute, for instance by annotating large images.